It is very important for you to get vaccinations for travel no matter where in the world you plan to go and you should already be preparing for your vaccinations for travel several weeks before your scheduled flight.
The most common vaccinations are for Malaria and Yellow Fever. Some countries like Kenya require a Yellow Fever certificate to enter.
Malaria is the most common serious ailment affecting both residents and visitors to many parts of Africa. Seek professional medical advice as to if you need them and which anti-malarial tablets are most suitable for you. The tablets will probably offer good protection but you must also remember to use a good mosquito spray to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.
Unless you have a mosquito net it's best to sleep indoors or in your tent.
First Aid & Medication
All 4WD rental vehicles are equipped with a first aid 'Trauma Kit'. This is intended for use in an emergency and contains the necessary items to administer first aid.
You should also bring your own small personal medical kit with personal medication. Remember to include some antiseptic ointment or spray (spray is better), cotton wool, sterile dressings, crepe bandage, band aids, scissors, tweezers, tape, antibiotic powder, painkillers, lip salve, sun block, insect repellent, water purification tablets, hypodermic needles and syringes, anti-malaria tablets, anti-diarrhoea tablets, and a good supply of re-hydration powder sachets.
You may wish to consult your doctor or vaccination clinic as regards a broad spectrum antibiotic (for skin and/or bowel infection) as there are occasions when you cannot obtain these locally. Don’t forget a supply of any prescription medicines you usually use (asthma etc).
Travel Documents / Money
Always have a photocopy of your passport and any visas. These copies should be packed separately from the originals. It is never a good idea to carry large amounts of cash and most urban centres (hotels, shops) accept debit and credit cards (Visa and Mastercard and any debit card with the Maestro or Cirrus logo are most common), and traveller’s cheques. You will usually need local cash for purchases at local markets – keep this in a travel wallet, or a zip pocket.
Never leave cameras or any digital equipment and hand luggage unattended whether in a vehicle or even in a hotel foyer. Never pack valuables (including medication) in your check-in luggage.
When travelling independently on your Africa overland tour, stay informed in terms of the local news. Ask at your hotel about any unsafe areas, and codes of dress and behaviour. Don’t openly carry valuables. If you must carry your passport and money keep them in a buttoned-down front pocket.
Game Viewing / Camping
Wildlife is potentially dangerous! At viewpoints, hides and camps, wildlife is more familiar with people and less intimidated by your presence. Never tease or corner wild animals - this may cause an unpredictable response and a potentially dangerous reaction. Never feed any animals, as this can cause them to loose their fear of humans. Some camps in Africa are not fenced! Walking is only allowed in camp sites. Keep in mind walking to the ablutions at night can be very dangerous! Contact us for more info.
Although Africa is known to be home to a number of potentially dangerous species - especially snakes, scorpions, spiders, and some nasty insects - very few visitors are adversely affected. Snakes tend to be shy and generally stay away from built-up areas. Lodges and camps often have insect (especially mosquito) proofing in their rooms and tents have built in protection. At night or if you go on a walk, it is always a good idea to wear comfortable, enclosed walking shoes, socks, and long trousers – just as a precaution.